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Hydrocarbons

Information resources on the chemistry of hydrocarbons.

 

The hydrocarbons form an extremely extensive group of organic chemical compounds that consist exclusively of the chemical elements carbon C and hydrogen H. These substances form the basic structure of organic chemistry, their compounds based on carbon and the simultaneous molecules a basic skeleton of carbon chains.

The variety of types, structures and properties of hydrocarbons results from a special feature of carbon: A carbon atom on energetic ground has four equivalent valence electrons, which can form four chemical bonds - also among themselves. As a result, any number of carbon atoms can bond with one another, form branched and unbranched carbon chains or form ring-shaped structures. Electrons that are not received here from the carbon atoms in chemical bonds with one another form bonds with the electrons of the hydrogen atom; the free valences of the carbohydrates are saturated with hydrogen and one speaks of mineral hydrocarbons.

Another IS the formation of alleged multiple bonds, that is, the C-atoms can form double bonds C=C and triple bonds C≡C with each other or with respected other atoms, which further increases the number of possible structures. The compounds are also referred to as unsaturated hydrocarbons because not all form valences with H-atom bonds.

A third form are the cyclic hydrocarbons (carbocycles), in which the carbon atoms come together to form ring-shaped structures.

Below you will find a list of online available information resources on the chemistry of hydrocarbons (see also: list of alkanes)



Content, Topics





General Information


Hydrocarbons
Organic Hydrocarbons: Compounds made from carbon and hydrogen



Lecture Notes, Tutorials


Aromatic Hydrocarbos
Lecture notes

Hydrocarbons
Structure and nomenclature - Format: PDF

Hydrocarbons
Lecture notes: principles of organic chemistry - Format: PDF

Petroleum
Lecture notes: petroleum and alkanes - Format: PDF



Practical Courses


Brominating alkenes
Synthesize vicinal dihalides by brominationg alkenes - Format: PDF



Compound Classes


Alkanes
Structure and stereochemistry of alkanes

Alkanes and Cycloalkanes
Lecture notes: organic compounds - Format: PDF

Alkanes and Cycloalkanes
Lecture notes: organic compounds - Format: PDF

Alkanes and Cycloalkanes
Lecture notes: organic chemistry - Format: PDF

Alkanes and Cycloalkanes
Stereochemistry - Format: PDF

Alkenes
Reactions and synthesis - Format: PDF

Alkenes
Lecture notes - Format: PDF

Cycloalkanes
Lecture notes on conformations of cycloalkanes

Dienes
Lecture notes: organic chemistry



Nomenclature


Alkanes
Nomenclature - Format: PDF



Chemical Reactions


Alkanes
Lecture notes: alkane reactions

Alkanes, reactivity
Lecture notes on the reactivity of alkanes

Alkenes
Reactions of Alkenes - Part I

Alkenes
Reactions of Alkenes - Part II

Alkynes
Reactions of alkynes

Reactions
The reactions of alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes



Toxicology and Medicinal Chemistry


Some Halogenated Hydrocarbons
Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans
IARC - Format: PDF



News Archive


Simulating Hydrocarbon Formation in the Deep Earth
A computer modeling study published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences shows that at deep Earth pressures and temperatures, longer hydrocarbons may be formed from the simplest one, the methane molecule

 


Last update: 21.10.2022



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