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Rutherfordium, Rf, Element 104


Rutherfordium - chemical symbol Rf, atomic number 104 - is a radioactive, synthetic produced chemical element.

Online available information resources about the chemistry and physics of rutherfordium.

Further information categories about related topics are listed in the navigation menu on the left side of these page.

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Current Stories and Reports

New Superheavy Isotopes
Moving closer to understanding the island of stability: 6 new isotopes of the superheavy elements discovered - [e]

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Information and data about the element

Rutherfordium, Rf
Chemical and physical properties of Rutherfordium. Webelements, UK - [e, d, f, pt, es, se]

Rutherfordium, Rf
Chemical and physical properties; comprehensive data. Environmental Chemistry, USA - [e]

Rutherfordium, Rf
Rutherfordium information, properties and uses. Visual Elements, RSC - [e]

[News] [Ele] [Atom] [Special] [Group] [Org]


Atom, Orbitals, Radiochemistry

Isotopes of Rutherfordium
Overview, isotopic data and properties of all known nuclides of rutherfordium.

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Special Information

An EC-branch in the decay of 27-s 263Db
Evidence for the new isotope 263Rf - Format: PDF - [e]

Fluoride Complexation of Rutherfordium
Article. GSI, Germany - Format: PDF - [e]

Kd-Value Determination for 261Rf (Element 104)
... with the Multi-Column Technique. University of Mainz - Format: PDF - [e]

Radiochemical Studies of the Transactinide Element
Rutherfordium (Rf) at JAERI - Format: PDF - [e]

Theoretical Predictions of Hydrolysis and Complex Formation of Element 104
... in HF and HCl Solutions. GSI, Germany - Format: PDF - [e]

Theoretical Treatment of Fluoride Complexation of Element 104 in HF Solutions
Article. University of Mainz - Format: PDF - [e]

Toward volatile metal complexes of rutherfordium
Results of test exeriments with Zr and Hf - [e]

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Group Elements - Information

Chemical Properties of Transactinide Elements
The chemical properties of transactinide elements viz. rutherfordium (Rf), dubnium (Db) and Seaborgium (Sg) are found to be similar to their homologs in the periodic table in group IV, V and VI respectively - Format: PDF - [e]

Chemistry of Transactinide Elements
Experimental Achievements and Perspectives - Format: PDF - [e]

Production of Transactinides
Isolation of nuclei of interest. Instrumentation and measurements - Format: PDF - [e]

The Creation of New Elements
Article. GSI, Germany - [d, e]

Transactinide Elements
Chemical Experiments with Transactinide Elements. University of Mainz - Format: PDF - [e]

Prospects for the Study of Transactinides - Format: PDF - [e]

What are transactinides, how do you make transactinides, how do you perform chemistry with single atoms?. University of Mainz - [e]

Volatilization properties
Volatilization behavior of transactinides from metal surfaces and melts. GSI, Germany - Format: PDF - [e]

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Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung mbH - [d, e]

Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna
JINR has at present 18 Member States and is a world-known centre where the fundamental research (theoretical and experimental) is successfully integrated with the new technology work-out and application of the latest techniques and university education - [e]

Super Heavy Elements Network, SHE
This site is dedicated to sciences of superheavy elements. You may find here various information on physics and chemistry of transfermium (Z = 100) nuclei as well as news of the SHE community around the world - [e]

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Rutherfordium, Rf, Element 104
Chemistry, physics, properties, data, chemical, element, compounds, reactions, transfermium, Rutherfordium, Rf
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19.05.2013 [site update]

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Related Books and Scientific Literature: Rutherfordium:


L.R. Morss, Norman M. Edelstein, Jean Fuger, Joseph J. Katz

The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements

The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements is the contemporary and definitive exposition of chemical properties of all of the actinide elements, especially of the technologically important elements uranium and plutonium, as well as the transactinide elements. In addition to the comprehensive treatment of the chemical properties of each element, ions and compounds from atomic number 89 (actinium) through 109 (meitnerium), the multi-volume work has specialized and authoritative chapters on electronic theory, optical and laser fluorescence spectroscopy, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, organoactinide chemistry, thermodynamics, magnetic properties, the metals, coordination chemistry, separations, trace analysis.

The fourth edition of "The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements" comprises all chapters in volumes 1 through 5 of the third edition (published in 2006) plus a new volume 6. To remain consistent with the plan of the first edition, “ … to provide a comprehensive and uniform treatment of the chemistry of the actinide [and transactinide] elements for both the nuclear technologist and the inorganic and physical chemist,” and to be consistent with the maturity of the field, the fourth edition is organized in three parts.

Springer; 2011


U. Kaldor, S. Wilson

Theoretical Chemistry and Physics of Heavy and Superheavy Elements

Quantum mechanics provides the fundamental theoretical apparatus for describing the structure and properties of atoms and molecules in terms of the behaviour of their fundamental components, electrons and nuclei. For heavy atoms and molecules containing them, the electrons can move at speeds which represent a substantial fraction of the speed of light, and thus relativity must be taken into account. Relativistic quantum mechanics therefore provides the basic formalism for calculating the properties of heavy-atom systems. This book provides a detailed description of the application of relativistic quantum mechanics to the many-body problem in the theoretical chemistry and physics of heavy and superheavy elements. Recent years have witnessed a continued and growing interest in relativistic quantum chemical methods and the associated computational algorithms which facilitate their application. This interest is fuelled by the need to develop robust yet efficient theoretical approaches, together with efficient algorithms, which can be applied to atoms in the lower part of the Periodic Table and, more particularly, molecules and molecular entities containing such atoms. Such relativistic theories and computational algorithms are an essential ingredient for the description of heavy element chemistry, becoming even more important in the case of superheavy elements. They are destined to become an indispensable tool in the quantum chemist's armoury. Indeed, since relativity influences the structure of heavy atoms in the Periodic Table, relativistic molecular structure methods may replace in many applications the non-relativistic techniques widely used in contemporary research.

Springer; 2003

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